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Update – May 29th, 2019 – Republishing this blog post with more current information – the rain is over, the sun has arrived, and the vineyards have dried out enough to rush labor and tractors into the vineyards. As of today, it looks like we avoided most of the shatter risk, but traded that in for the risk of mold and mildew pressure  All of our vineyards are managed organically. In the past few days we’ve sprayed a expensive “cocktail” of Serenade (Bacillus subtilis strain QST 713, a beneficial bacterium), BioLink-Fe-Mn-Zn and B (micro-nutrients Iron, Magnesium, Zinc, and Boron), BioAtlantis Super-50 (designed to reduce abiotic stress by priming the plant in advance of stress), and Sulfur (fungicide). More to follow as the season advances…

Spring 2019 organic sprays

Listen to Sonoma Radio KSVY on May 22nd – start at time mark 26.15 to 38.00 minutes:

http://ksvy.org/showarchive/public/KSVY_2019-05-22__09_00_15.mp3

May 19th, 2019 – I just sent this letter off to all of my vineyard and wine clients. Thought our blog readers would find it interesting:

Dear Clients –

2019 is, so far, a vintage like no other.
After the terrific harvest right before the fires of 2017, and the huge ripe crop of 2018, the 2019 vintage is shaping up to be one of the most challenging in my 25-year career.
Why?  In a word – rain!
We are all really very grateful for every drop after a decade of drought. But even as I write this on the afternoon of May 19th, very late in the growing season, the rain is falling like it’s still February.
2” – 3” in the last 48 hours.
And why exactly is this late season rain a potential problem? 4 reasons…
  • Grape shatter – shatter is a word that describes what happens when grape flowers remain un-pollinated. Late in the season this shows up as grape bunches with missing berries in the bunches (see image 1). Like olives and corn, grapes are pollinated by air and breeze. Sun and gentle light breezes are perfect. Hard rain and cold and gusty wind is not. And this is what we have, in excess, right now. Not much can be done about it. It’s a force of nature. It might help to open up the canopy, remove shoots, remove leaves, get the air moving. But this is time consuming and therefore expensive.
  • Suckers – with this excessive rain, the plants are responding by pushing excessive shoots, including many suckers low on the trunk. Suckers are fruitless and drain vines of energy later in the season and must be removed soon. And usually by hand. Again, time consuming and therefore expensive. (see image 2)
  • Canopy expansion – with the tremendous late-spring rains come tremendous early season shoot growth. The canopies are growing extremely fast, pushing large quantities of green material. When the sun comes out, hot humid air will be trapped in the dense canopies inviting major mold and mildew pressure. How do we alleviate this threat? With judicious shoot thinning and de-leafing, and additional spray cycles. But we can’t apply the excess spray cycles while it’s raining. The tractors can’t operate in mud. And rain following an application just washes away the application. And again, extra manpower and extra applications are time consuming and therefore expensive. (see image 3)
  • Weeds – obviously, with all this extra rain comes tremendous weed growth on the vineyard floor. It is not only unsightly, it competes with the grape vines. And it is depressing for vineyard managers who worked so hard in April to make the vineyard look so good! Further, for those that are fully organic (almost all of you), we can’t turn to Round-Up (a very inexpensive and effective solution) and instead must rely on hand labor. (see image 4)
The obvious question arises – what to do?
Luckily, we have excellent options. We have the knowledge, the skills, the tools and equipment, and the right people in place.
For those of you with ‘unlimited budgets’ it’s all still a threat, but one we can attack and manage.
Projects with tight budgets, and/or with budgets are already stretched thin, that is a harder challenges. Ideally, we would perform extra weeding and mowing, extra spraying, and put some labor hours into suckering and canopy thinning. And even after those steps, in the Fall the crop may still weigh in well under nominal if the shatter is severe. Only time will tell.
Every micro-climate is unique. This could all be a ‘sky is falling’ fake out.
It is entirely possible that at your specific site, the rain will stop and the sun will shine and the flowers will open and pollinate.
I ask you each to think about these challenges. And consider what steps you want us to take.
From here, I’ll take the conversation private with each of you.
Thank you.
– Ken
Ken Wornick
Hydeout Sonoma LLC – vineyard development, winemaking, and brand consulting
Dysfunctional Family Winery, Localita Estate Sagrantino
415-793-7985
kwornick@sprynet.com
Image result for grape shatter
Example of grape shatter
Image result for grapevine water suckers
example of excessive grapevine suckers
Image result for very dense grapevine canopies
un-thinned vs thinned canopy (and the labor involved in thinning)
Image result for grape vineyard with high weeds
Vineyard with marginal weed control (and again too many suckers)
Image result for grape vineyard sprayed with roundup
Vineyard with weed control under the vines with conventional Round-Up (note ‘burned’ strips under vines)
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